Software engineering is a broad discipline that combines the techniques of computer science with the knowledge of software development. While there is considerable overlap, the two disciplines are very different. It is easy to confuse programming with programming, or vice versa.
A software engineer is not a programmer. A software engineer has a more generalized and technical perspective of software development and software engineering. A programmer is someone who is trained and experienced in writing and manipulating computer code, while an engineer is someone who has a more thorough understanding of the software system. There is a large overlap between software developers and programmers, but the main difference lies in the tools they use to write the programs, the approach to program creation, and the type of programming languages used.
In a programming language, the programmer writes the program in terms of commands that instruct the computer to carry out the instructions given. The programmer may use syntax in the program to describe the meaning of the program’s elements, and may be called upon to provide further explanations in detail. The programmer must be familiar with the computer language that he/she is using in order to write the code. In addition, the programmer should understand the structure of the code and how it is put together to form the final output. Some programmers may use programming languages such as assembly or C++, which is a subset of the object-oriented programming languages used for programming software applications.
A programmer is not a software engineer. An engineer is someone who creates software applications. Software engineers implement the software, make sure it is compatible with operating systems, and create a working environment for it. They use coding techniques and methods to ensure the applications run smoothly. The programs they create are often made available for general public consumption by clients. In contrast, a programmer can be a designer, programmer, architect, or analyst but cannot create software.
When hiring a programmer or software engineer, you will first need to decide what your needs are for the job. Will you be developing a product or will you be creating an application? Can you use the same programming language or would you prefer a different programming language? A programmer is needed for the former and not the latter, whereas a software engineer needs to be able to create both at the same time. You also need to decide on the level of expertise needed in your field, whether you need someone to write a program or create a complete program.
The programming languages that exist today are very specific. For example, Java is a low-level programming language that is commonly used for embedded programming. On the other hand, Java is not meant for general use. There are many common programming languages for both general use and complex programming needs. Another difference between programming languages is that they are often used interchangeably. In addition, there are a number of specialized programming languages that have specialized features.
If you do not know what programming languages you need or where to find them, you can hire a programmer who has programming experience. If you want a programmer who does not have programming experience, you can find one by checking references, talking to people at the local computer store, and asking for samples. When you hire a programmer, you are hiring him/her to do your job.